Ohio Unemployment

Ohio State Seal

Who Qualifies for Unemployment in Ohio?

In order to qualify for unemployment in Ohio you must have lost your job through no fault of your own. Everyone, except workers that remain attached to an employer's payroll, have to:
  • Register with the Employment Security Commission.
  • File a claim for each week you collect unemployment
  • Be actively looking for a new job each week that you collect unemployment benefits.




Find Out If You Are Eligible For Unemployment   Click this link to find out: Am I Eligible To Collect Unemployment Benefits?

Have Your Benefits Run Out?   Click this link to find out how to get an unemployment extension: Unemployment Extension

Have A Specific Question? 

Click this link to get answers to all of your Ohio unemployment questions: Ohio Unemployment FAQ

What You Will Need When You File

  • Social security number.
  • Driver license number or state issued ID number.
  • Name, home and mailing address, phone number, and e-mail address.
  • Name, address, phone number, and the dates you worked at each employer in your last 6 weeks of work.
  • Explanation for why you lost your job with each employer.
  • The names, social security numbers, and dates of birth for your dependents.
  • You will need your spouse's name social security number, and birth date if you claim dependents.
  • You will need your alien registration number and expiration date if you aren't a U.S. citizen.
  • Information about the type of work that you do and your job skills, training and/or education.
Also, you might need: If you worked outside of Ohio, were an employee of the federal government, or have prior military service, you will need:
  • Form DD-214-member 4 copy (for military)
  • SF-8 or SF-50 form (for federal government workers)

How do I file for Ohio unemployment benefits?

The are two ways that Ohio residents can file for unemployment:
  1. File online: http://unemployment.ohio.gov.
  2. File by phone: Toll-free 1-877-644-6562 or TTY 1-888-642-8203, Monday through Friday, 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.

Calling the Toll-Free Number?

When calling 1-877-644-6562, you have these choices:
  1. Press #1 for help filing for unemployment.
  2. Press #2 if you need to file for your weekly benefits, if you need information about payments, or to check the status of a claim that you've already filed.
  3. Press #3 if you received a statement of overpayment in the mail or received a notice of change in work-search requirements and have been required to register for job search services.

After You File Your Application

  • Additional information will be sent to you by mail or email.
  • The claim that you filed will get assigned to a Processing Center, which will be determined by your social security number.
  • Sometimes you will need to have your Personal Identification Number (PIN) reset when you file online. If this happens, you should call 1-866-962-4064.

Ohio Unemployment Office Contact Information

Ohio Unemployment Website


Ohio Unemployment Mailing Address

The Ohio Department of Job and Family Services
30 E. Broad Street, 32nd Floor
Columbus, Ohio 43215

Ohio Unemployment Phone Numbers


Eligibility Requirements

In order to receive unemployment benefits, you must meet these requirements:
  1. When you file, you must be unemployed. You cannot file before you lose your job.
  2. You worked enough weeks and earned enough income in “covered” employment during your base period. To determine your base period, use the chart below.
  3. You didn't “quit” your job (unless you had just cause) or did not get fired with just cause.
  4. If you filed a previous claim, you have to had worked six weeks and meet a total income requirement before you can file a new claim.

Base Period

Use this table to figure out your base period, which will be used to determine your eligibility and the amount of your benefits.
If your claim begins between these dates:Your base period will be:
January 1, 2012 through March 31, 2012October 1, 2010 through September 30, 2011
April 1, 2012 through June 30, 2012January 1, 2011 through December 31, 2011
July 1, 2012 through October 6, 2012April 1, 2011 through March 31, 2012
October 7, 2012 through January 5, 2013July 1, 2011 through June 30, 2012

Reasons for Unemployment

Lack of work

If you lost your job because of “lack of work” (which includes, you got laid-off, your job no longer exists, your employer closed their business, or plant or factory where you work was closed), then you are unemployed through no fault of your own. Your employer will be contacted and have to confirm the reason you lost your job.

Voluntarily quit or left your job

If you quit your job, but still had the option to remain employed, you will have to prove that you had “just cause” for quitting your job. Below are examples of situations in which you can quit your job for “just cause”:
  • Your job or employer didn't live up to the terms of your employment agreement or employment contract.
  • Your job or employer didn't provide the appropriate safety measures that are required by state, federal, and other applicable laws.
  • Your job violated accepted moral or ethical standards, or violated state or federal laws.
If you quit your job, the burden of proof is on you to prove that you had "just cause".

You Were Fired

If you were fired, you might not be able to collect unemployment benefits. If you get fired, by law, your employer has to prove that you were fired for just cause.Examples of just cause for firing an employee include:
  • You broke the company rules.
  • You did not fulfill the responsibilities of your job.
  • You did not look out for your employer’s best interest.
  • Poor work performance.
If they determine that your employer did not fire you for just cause, you may be eligible to collect unemployment.

Determination of Unemployment Compensation

A Determination of Unemployment Compensation will tell you if your unemployment application was approved or not, as well as give you the reason for that decision.If you feel like you were incorrectly denied, you have the right to appeal the decision.

Labor Dispute

If you lose your job due to a labor dispute (except for a lockout), you will not be eligible to collect unemployment for the duration the dispute. If you lost your job due to a lockout, this won't automatically make you ineligible for unemployment.

Leave of Absence

If you are out of work because you took a voluntary leave of absence you are not eligible to receive unemployment benefits while you are on the leave of absence.

Disciplinary Layoff

If you are out of work because of a disciplinary layoff or suspension given to you by your employer due to poor work performance or misconduct on the job, you are not eligible to collect unemployment benefits.

Ability to Work

In order to be eligible for unemployment benefits you have to be capable, both physically and mentally able, to do the work done in your job, trade, or occupation.

Available To Work

The definition of being available to work is that you have to be willing and prepared to work at any job, and on any shift of any job that you would normally work at based on your job training, experience, and normal occupation.

Have A Specific Question? 

Click this link to get answers to all of your Ohio unemployment questions: Ohio Unemployment FAQ

Maybe We Can Help: 

If you can't find the answer to your question, you can fill out the comment form below and I will answer your question ASAP, or you can ask the The Unemployment Expert or you can post your question in the Unemployment Forum


# dee 2011-01-10 22:40
can u continue to collect unemployment and cash out your 401k
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
# Sharon 2011-02-23 12:01
I have been receiving my benefits. I had been told by my employer it was because of "financial reasons" because she had not found a job. Her husband is a cardiologist, but I accepted her reason. When my unemployment came through it had "lack of work". I assumed "lack of work" was from my employer. Now I have rec'd a notice that my employer was appealing due to safety reasons. Was the "lack of work from her"
? I will be responding to these claims.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
# Jodi 2011-04-28 14:48
I have used all of my FMLA benefits, but I am on short term disability. My company could not hold my position for me and don't have another position available equal to my prior position. When my short term disability is up and I medically can work, am I eligible for unemployment?
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
# vickie 2011-05-24 18:24
resigned as manager may 9th after unpleasant situation from one of clubs officers. ws told by financial officer to go home and re think this and cool off. next am no call from other office person to open up with money bags, so i went in and did money bags, other officers that i had confrontation with came in and said nothing about previous days incident. 3 days went by i continued to come in and do clubs office work without question from commander, finally commander approached me on 4th day and i said that i have not changed mind and i am resigning, he ask me to stay until sunday when new commander took over. i continued the officework and other club duties until sunday. met with new commander, he ask me to recinsider, i still had not changed my mind, he ask me to stay as office worker and to do private parties, i said i would think about it. on following tuesday i met with new commander again, we discussed me staying on and doing oofice work for 4 days a week and special events and catered jobs i would be going hourly instead of my salary job. we discussed hourly wages and he said the board would have to vote on my hourly wage. he also knew i was going to florida for a scheduled vacation and he was glad i was staying on in office position. have just learned while on vacation that they have interviewed 2 other applicants for my office job and was told they will be calling me and telling me that i was not coming back. my question is am i eligible for unemployment?
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
# Robert 2011-06-02 06:30
I have been recieving unemployment benefits for over a year now in Ohio,in April of this year i applied for Social Security Disability and recently was approved for for it,i know you cannot collect both benefits so its my obligation to notify the Unemployment Bureau of my disability beneifits which i will be no longer entitled to unemployment funds,my question is would that be considered as a overpayment when i notify the unemployment bureau of my disability payments when i do start to recieve them?
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
# Rulian 2011-06-02 21:45
I lost job in IA, My family are still in Ohio,do I have to apply employment in IA or I can move back to my family in OH to apply?
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
# Willie G. Bush 2011-07-11 15:19
I forgot my telephone pin and I need another one. It has been 1 week and I haven't received it.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
# Pat 2011-08-09 11:57
Hi! I read that if I quit my job due to relocation that it would be beneficial to walk into the office and explain my situation. However, Ohio does not have that option of walking in to the office. How do I go about speaking to someone about this so that I can explain my situation?
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
# kathy 2011-12-06 13:36
How does unemployment work if you are offered a severence by your employer? does unemployment benefits begin when severence ends?
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
# kathy 2012-01-01 14:39
i have taxes taken out of my unemployment benefits will i get a w2 for that? how do i file taxes for unemployment benefits?
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
# Kathy 2012-03-20 18:52
If I filed for partial unemployment do to lack of hours and now
I have been laid of do to lack of hours can I get full unemployment benefits
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
# chris 2012-06-21 16:45
i have been trying to file by phone and internet for almost 5 weeks now and have gotten nowhere. every time i get to the last page of the online form and click send it says "unexpected database error has occurred" when i call i can never get to talk to anyone. any suggestions? it it seems like a big run a round. i drew unemployment a few years ago with no problems i dont understand what the problem is and its very frustrating. thank you
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
# mike 2013-01-24 02:33
I am having the same problem as you on filing my unemployment. did you finally get it? and if so, how?
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
# kimberly 2012-07-30 15:13
I was RIF'd from my full time position, now I can have an arbitration hearing soon. My question is will it better suit my needs to file from being a full time employee than if they want to give me a part time earning job, working full time, for the next year? Because, the possibility of being RIF'd again after the coming year. I understand it's based on earnings, than if I work part time, I can't go back and claim that window of pay I used to make full time. Is this corret? Or wrong. Thank you
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
# jen 2012-07-31 08:29
if i resigned from my job due to anxiety associated with the job, would i qualify for unemployment until i find a new job?
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
# karine 2012-10-16 16:07
are you able to receive unemployment due to exceeding a point system
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
# bob 2012-11-05 15:35
if i filed and was short 2 weeks of the 20 recommended but got sent back to work because of storm clean up and go the extra weeks needed am i able to refile for my benifits
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
# chuck 2012-11-27 10:02
I had been with this company for 12years, my top pay before i quit was10 dlrs. My boss kept telling me he could not afford to give me a raise. So i quit,for an opportunity to start my own business, which did not go so well. So my question is that, am i able to file for unemployment. And is my reason for leaving enough to still file
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
# Lauren 2012-12-13 18:26
if you are told by the employer you are unfit to preform job duties because you are pregnant and they are not having you work can you file and be eligible for unemployment?
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
# Hamp 2012-12-19 16:35
i've had a us bank reliacard for awhile but now since im unemployed i file & the card is expired 7/12 so will unemployment send me a new one!
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
# Gloria 2012-12-29 11:41
I worked part time from the beginning of June until Dec. 14. 2012. Do I have enough time in to collect unemplyment ? Are there other qualifications or income earned?
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
# Kelly 2013-01-30 13:45
I was layed off last year in Nc, am receiving unemployment from NC, but had to move to Ohio because I couldn't live off of unemployment and pay Cobra. Do I need to inform Ohio of anything?
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
# Dave 2013-02-10 23:42
I read the following statement "If you filed a previous claim, you have to had worked six weeks and meet a total entitled to unemployment funds"
My understanding is that if I worked under 6 weeks and was terminated from the second employeer than I would get my unemployment compensation from my original eployeer who also terminated me and unemployeement was originally approved. Am I correct?
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
# Amber 2013-03-04 20:13
worked in ohio from 1993-2007 moved to TX with my husband due to military. Lost my TX job after 8monhts. My base pay periods are when I was employeed in ohio, can I claim in OH or TX to get my unemployment?
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
# Daryle 2013-05-06 12:09
I lost my position at work a few weeks ago and have been approved to receive benefits, I learned a little over a week later that I have cancer and will be receiving bi-weekly chemo treatments. Should I still list myself as being able to work and qualify for benefits since I won't be considered disabled? My COBRA payments are $1900 per month.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
# karen 2013-08-15 09:35
I am currently on Tier 2 on unem. Benefits. How many tiers are there, and how long can I collect unemployment? I only have 1 more payment on this tier. Are therew any broughrenefits after you go through tier 2?? Plsee Reply and Than-_You
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote

Add comment

If you have a question about your unemployment situation, or about unemployment in general, please post it here and we will try to answer it as quickly as possible, and post our reply here so that others can benefit from your question.
Also, we welcome your comments -- please tell us about your unemployment situation. Tell your story. How did you get laid-off? Have you found a new job yet? Do you have any unemployment tips to share?
- -*-
PLEASE NOTE that your comment will not post automatically, but will appear after the admin has approved it.
- -*-

Security code