Ohio Unemployment If You Quit

You can not receive Ohio unemployment benefits if you quit your job.




In order to be eligible for unemployment benefits in Ohio, you have to have lost your job through no fault of your own. This means that if you quit your job, you can't get unemployment.

Be sure that you can not quit your job because you didn't like it, or it was too hard, or because it didn't pay enough, or because the hours didn't work for your schedule - and still expect to collect unemployment.

If you are in a hostile work environment, or otherwise feel like you have to quit for a very good reason (such a threat to your health or safety), please take the following advice:

(See this forum thread for the whole story: http://unemploymenthandbook.com/forum/showthread.php?t=1708 )

The laws and requirements for unemployment eligibility vary from state to state, but most states do not allow you to collect unemployment benefits if you voluntarily quit your job. If a state does allow you to collect unemployment when you've quit your job - the requirement to do so will be VERY difficult to meet.

In most states, if you are fired for cause you may still be eligible to receive benefits - and the requirements in this case won't be as stringent as if you had quit.

It is my understanding that employers generally do not comment extensively on previous employees, or on the reason that they are not longer at their company, for fear of being sued. Most employers will generally verify employment dates and not comment on the reason you are no longer there, or offer any further details.

If your company fires you though, you can be sure they won't be writing you any recommendation letters.

I know how difficult a hostile work environment can be. I've been there. Still, I would suggest that you do not quit your job. If it is a large corporation, you should talk to someone in the Human Resources department about your situation and the hostile work environment. If you get fired and you have a wrongful termination case, it will be more difficult to appeal your case to the employment commission or more difficult to bring a wrongful termination lawsuit - as you will have willfully quit.

Millions of people are out of a job - so it looks like you'll be diving head first into a very difficult job market, no matter if your fired or quit.

Make them fire you.

Go on about performing your job duties, and do not do anything to provoke them to fire you. If they're going to fire you, they'll do it. If they continue the hostile work environment tactics, or increase them - you should contact the employment commission to see if you have any recourse or protections - as there are federal laws against hostile work environments.


Don't sign anything!

Don't sign any releases, forms, waivers, or anything.

If they present you with paperwork that has to be signed in order to receive a severance or your last check -- Don't sign it!

Take it to a lawyer, law school, smart aunt or uncle, or research and ask about the terms in the document online.

If you do end up signing it - remember that it is a legal document, so understand and agree to everything in it before you sign it. Also, remember that the terms are negotiable, because it is essentially a contract. If they want you to agree to their terms, you have the right to either:

a. Not sign it.
b. Negotiate the terms of the agreement.
c. Sign it.

Examples of ways you can negotiate this legal document, which is often referred to as a 'Separation Agreement':

a. Demand that the agreement state that you are being laid-off, not fired.
b. Demand that the company will not challenge your claim to collect unemployment benefits.

Still Have Questions?

To go back to the Ohio Unemployment FAQ Page, click here: Ohio Unemployment FAQ

To go the main Ohio Unemployment page, click here: Ohio Unemployment

Maybe We Can Help: 

If you can't find the answer to your question, you can fill out the comment form below and I will answer your question ASAP, or you can ask the The Unemployment Expert.


# Heather 2011-02-09 09:30
I was recently fired due to poor work performance in the state of Ohio. I was given a verbal warning and writtenup however was unable to improve. What my employer doesn't know I'd the reason I haven't been able to get my work done is bc I am going through postpartum depression and taking medicine for it. I did not tell my boss about this bc I was afraid of being discraminated against and fired. Can I collect unemployment under these circumstances?
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# Christy 2011-03-11 12:32
I live in Ohio currently, but have plans to move. If I quit my job to relocate to another area of Ohio, or to another state, would I be eligible for unemployment? And if I move to another state, would I file for Ohio unemployment if I am eligible?
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# TK 2011-04-20 22:17
I want to quit my job so i can go back to school full time. I am working through a temp agency, do i tell the agency it's not a good fit for me or do i slack off until they say they dont want me? I have a child and dont want to put myself in a situation where im not getting anything. Thank you!
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# Katie 2011-06-29 10:15
one working day after i told my boss that he was a sexiest against women they cut my hours and pay what should i do, do i have any rights here!
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# andrew 2011-07-07 13:59
hello there im andrew i work at a fastfood mostly fulltime started ged classes so that took a couple hours off. I have been there 4 bout 3 years. i work open mon-fri so i have lot pick up sidewalk scrub and drive thur scrub trash stocks curb sweeps chili's unload truck ect... i should add that I AM THE ONLY ONLY 1 THATS DOSE THIS. Well weekends the person supost to do what i do dose not. lot get pretty messy managers have no problem bout that cause they seemed to save it all for me it has been gettin very bad where even the closer are dont even have to take out there grease bags noone but me can can the fri and chicken oils so when i come in mon its a hassle for me and still this is not my problem it is i am getting in trouble threats towards my job bein called slow when im not i do have pretty much everyone in my store to back me up on this too im good with sandwiches grill collecting money petty much everything but taking orders im told i dont no how to talk but everyone up there wants me to be crew leader or a manager cause i can run the show. but back to monday morning i come and have to play catch up for the last 72 hours not even in 50 minutes of being there im getting in trouble for straw wrappers outside and grease buckets with such words of when you take the broom and dust pan out there its for picking up straw wrappers and why are these grease buckets here so pretty much once they walk-in i start getting harassed. well i dont like that idea so i told crew leader witch told manager that i want to be transford so now im really in it they truely need me like i said I AM THE ONLY ONE THAT DOSE WHAT I DO im not supost be the only one but i am so now there saying all this stuff about me lies and stupid little things that is there fault anyways best one yet is im always needing to tuck my shirt in i been saying there to small when i lift my arms up i come untucked the district manager even told them you need to order him LONGER shirts i had to show her so even if that was my fault its not good enough for me to be treated like very unrespectively manager tells crew leaders to write me up they say no they see me doin my job so then they come tell me about what they were just told to do last time i told them to just write me up i wont be mad at them they still didnt want to there is so much more this is mostly about the last week so much more has happened. oh yeah i forgot to tell you but the manager in charge of harassing me is girlfriend sister/ sons aunt also there are only 2 boys on my shift me and umm hmm trying to be nice bout it hes a good person but well just say he dosnt always think before he dose something but u can get mad at him so there for thats causes alot of extra work on me and Once Again This Is Not My Jobs Is To Hard it the harassment the threats and saying im slow there is no problem bout my work but it would be nice if they at least did lot checks so when i come in the lots is not super extra dirty. what can i do about this? it needs to stop they say they will find ways so i cant collect unemployment. i dont no what to do itll afect both ouside and inside of work
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# shannon 2012-01-23 17:22
I am currently employed in a hostile work environment. Along with screaming, degrading, belittling comments, throwing things, my boss has started timing my bathroom trips. I have and need frequent trips to the restroom. He makes fun of me for this in front of employees and patients. He also discusses my medical conditions in front of patients after I have repeatedly asked him not to. All of his anger has started causing me to have panic attacks for which I now take medicine. Do I have a chance at unemployment if I quit?
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# anne 2012-02-04 09:51
Are you eligible for unemployment benefits if you ask to be laid off? Its completely your choice and hours are available for you but you cant work those hours. There was an agreement signed stating that you are laid off per your request and you are in agreement with these terms.
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# matt 2012-05-02 15:58
two weeks ago I was wrote up for unsafe work practices. I was doing my job the way I was trained to do it, and the way I had been doing it for seven years. Since the company started 28 years ago they have been doing it this way the whole time, but this time I got wrote up for it. Later on break, I read over the employee handbook on safety. The handbook stated "that an employee is supposed to notify their immediate supervisor of any safety hazzards no matter how minor". That day I notified my supervisor that the storage racks weren't bolted to the floor, the towmotor had no horn or back up beeper ( which was taken care of). Today I was working in a new area and was supposed to use a hoist that had a cable unhooked (possiblly the safety cable). He went ahead and used it anyway, saying it was alright. Then after moving to the next job and noticing that that hoist didn't have a safety clip on the hook, I notified my supervisor of that. When going to th next job the Safety Director/ Maintanence man got in my face and told me that I had better stop reporting all the safety issues because he was busy and had enough to do. I took off my gloves, gathered my stuff up and walked out. I'm not sure how I can get wrote up for not doing anthing "wrong", then told not to do things right. I'm looking for a job, I'm 39 and have had a real job since I was 10 years old. I'm going to find a job that pays a descent wage, but it may take some time, can I get unemployement in the mean time and do I have a case against being told to use unsafe equipment?
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# Doug 2012-07-30 12:09
I held a job for 7 yrs in the coal industry and it was fading quickly. I quit before they laid me off and got a job as a temp in a chemical manufacturing facility (food). Its been 4mnths and I am now feeling ill when I go in. Should I quit or go to doctor to back myself up. Cant afford to quit and not be eligible for benefits while i find something else.
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# Tammy 2012-11-13 06:20
Employer Retaliation is Prohibited

The workers' compensation law prohibits employers from retaliating against any
employee who files, pursues, or testifies in a workers' compensation proceeding.
If the injured worker suspects the employer has engaged in unlawful retaliation
(such as a suspension, demotion, reduction in pay or status, failure to promote,
disciplinary action, discharge, or other adverse job action), the worker must
provide written notice to the employer of the alleged violation within 90 days
of the adverse job action. The injured worker must then file the lawsuit within
180 days of the adverse job action. The time limits are jurisdictional; a
lawsuit will be dismissed if it is filed outside the jurisdictional time limit.
The injured worker should contact an attorney immediately.

*I have an attorney & BWC is NO fun, let me tell ya! But my employer has done many,if NOT all of these things. What to do? I'm following up w/ my attorney but any other advice?
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# Mary 2012-11-27 00:03
I'm trying to figure out if I can quit my job and collect unemployment. Here's what is going on:
In the last three weeks 7 colleagues have been fired (6 of whom had personality conflicts with HR)... I work in a school. I too have personality conflicts with HR, and my being employed there has caused major stress in my life while I am pregnant. It is to the point where I can't sleep at night and am having dreams... errr nightmares about work. I have tried to speak with HR about whether or not I need to worry about my job and cannot get a clear response. I would like to leave this stressful situation for my own health, but it would be difficult to leave if I cannot collect unemployment.
Please let me know what I can do!
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# Dan 2013-04-05 15:16
I've been working in a straight commission position for over two years and am unable to earn a reasonable wage. My supervisor belittles my abilities at every opportunity. My YTD is zero. I rely on my wife's income, but living is difficult. What are my options?
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# Laurie 2013-08-15 20:07
I've been working for a company for many years, one of my bosses is a beligerent drunk, he comes in drunk, fights with his wife and other boss constantly. I have dealt with this for too long, he blames everyone and berates them all the time, mainly because he is drunk, plus he has an extensive violent record. Can i quit and get unemployment until I find another job.
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# Steve 2017-10-11 05:53
I gave my two week notice and left my job every time in rained the roof leaked all over the department I work in causing puddles in the work area and a drip over the 240 volt machine I worked on. I have been denied unemployment as the company stated I left for a better job but isn’t a major part of a better job safe working conditions.267q4
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